Principles of Universal Design

In 1995 the Center for Universal Design at North Carolina State University brought together architects, designers, engineers and others to formulate key principles or concepts of universal design (Bowe, 2000). The resulting seven principles have been applied not only to the design of buildings and other public structures but also to other fields where accessibility is of concern, notably in education.

  1. Equitable Use
  2. Flexibility in Use
  3. Simple and Intuitive Use
  4. Perceptible Information
  5. Tolerance for Error
  6. Low Physical Effort
  7. Size and Space for Approach and Use